Freshwater streams, lakes and reservoirs provide good catches from the shore or boat. The most commonly caught species are trout, redfin, golden perch and Australia's largest freshwater fish: the Murray cod.
Cast a line on the mighty Murray for the eponymous cod. In Gippsland, the Tarwin River is brimming with bream, and the Aron River is home to trout and redfin. Bait your best on the Wimmera River at competition time, and head the High Country's Goulburn River for an almost guaranteed trout catch.
In the Yarra Valley and Dandenong Ranges, the meeting point of the Steavenson, Archer and Little Archer rivers is popular with locals (and fish). Even closer to Melbourne, the Werribee and Lerderderg Rivers are ideal for reeling in trout, redfin and blackfish.
Angle for a top lakeside spot at popular Murray region lakes, Lake Hume and Lake Mulwala, home of the Cod Opening Classic, one of Australia's most popular fishing competition. In Gippsland, Blue Rock Lake is famous for its fly-fishing.
Victoria's High Country is home to lush Lake Eildon, a fishing haven frequently used for fresh-water fishing sports events. In the Grampians, local favourites include Lake Toolondo, Taylors and Lake Bellfield.
Try your hand at trout fishing in the Goldfields, home to more than 1000 public and private trout lakes, and popular Lake Wendouree, Lake Eppalock and Cairn Curran Reservoir.
In Daylesford and Macedon Ranges cast a line at Hepburn Lagoon and the Newlyn, Malmsbury, Lauriston and Coliban reservoirs.
If your patience sinks, these farms will guarantee a catch (and will even cook it to your liking): Tuki Trout Farm near Daylesford, Harrietville's Mountain Fresh Trout and Salmon Farm, Rhyll's Trout and Bush Tucker Farm on Phillip Island, and the Buxton Trout and Salmon Farm.