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In January 1830 Captain Charles Sturt weighed anchor opposite Sturt's Tree when he reached the confluence of the Darling and Murray Rivers. Sturt's diary entry on arrival describes in detail "... surprised by the appearance in view, at the termination of a reach, a long line of magnificent trees. There is a huge sandbank, a little below us, projecting nearly a third way across the channel. Preparing to examine the new river, the Darling ...it appears to be 100 yards in breadth and a depth of over 12 feet. Its banks are sloping, and overhung by trees of magnificent size. Its appearance is so different from the water-worn banks of the sister stream, the Murray, the men exclaimed, entering an English river. An irresistible conviction impressed me so much I directed the Union Jack be hoisted. It waved over, in the heart of a desert...."Because Sturt was so convinced that he had reached the end of the Darling, the river he had named on his first expedition from 1828 to 1829, he then named the Murray at the confluence point after Sir George Murray, Secretary of State for the Colonies.